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Additional info for A Grammar of Limbu (Mouton Grammar Library)
Dualization and pluralization 31 In the non-singular, the dual of third-person arguments is marked vis-ä-vis the plural. A dual referent may be indicated by a plural noun with a verb in the dual (19) and, less commonly, a plural verb may be used with a dual subject (20). Conversely, the dual suffix is not attached to nouns with non-dual referents. (19) khtTjha? o-kt-c-tchi . they Ρ scream-PT-dPS They (two) screamed. (20) - habha hckke· ni kc-dza-m-mi· ? -s-u-wai) mu ca-s-u-ba. roast-dA-3P-pfG REP eat-dA-3P-IPF - Do youP eat it just like that (viz.
How do you take the sun? (24) nam-min tho-tt-u-η. sun-ABS stand-3P-lsA I can take the sun [today]. The definite absolutive is in keeping with the definite quality of the referents throughout the following exchange, which formed part of a children's game: (25) Will you eat my ear? Will you eat my eye? I saw her asshole! in kedzoi·? in kedzoi·? in nisuo! The definite absolutive may mark occurs as an after-thought: (26) ku-se'k lamkt-e a definite ... his-hunger be w in v effect-PT He's hungry, [our] guest.
Warekpe-n. your s -mouth agape-ABS Your mouth is agape. Because the absolutive marks both patients and subjects, the absolutive case of the word yaij 'money' shows agreement with both the transitive and the intransitive verb in the following syntagm. This reflects the ergative structure of Limbu case marking and contrasts it to nominative-accusative case assignment systems whereby a subject of a compound sentence can be in the nominative to show agreement with both an intransitive and a transitive verb when it is the agentive actant of the latter.