By Richard M. Hogg
First released in 1992, A Grammar of outdated English, quantity 1: Phonology used to be a landmark e-book that during the intervening years has no longer been handed in its intensity of scholarship and value to the sector. With the 2011 posthumous book of Richard M. Hogg's Volume 2: Morphology, Volume 1 is back in print, now in paperback, in order that students can personal this whole paintings.
- Takes account of significant advancements either within the box of previous English stories and in linguistic thought
- Takes complete good thing about the Dictionary of OldEnglish venture at Toronto, and contains complete cross-references to the DOE information
- Fully makes use of paintings in phonemic and generative conception and similar subject matters
- Provides fabric the most important for destiny learn either in diachronic and synchronic phonology and in historic sociolinguistics
Chapter 1 creation (pages 1–9):
Chapter 2 Orthography and Phonology (pages 10–51):
Chapter three The Vowels in Germanic (pages 52–65):
Chapter four The Consonants in Germanic (pages 66–73):
Chapter five previous English Vowels (pages 74–213):
Chapter 6 Unstressed Vowels (pages 214–245):
Chapter 7 outdated English Consonants (pages 246–300):
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Old English: Phonology, Volume 1
2 Examples of /f/ are: fæder ‘father’, drcfan ‘drive’, hrdf ‘roof’. When bilabial [b] split from /b/ and merged with [v] as an allophone of /f/, 〈f〉 is also introduced as the spelling of the original bilabial. 54, s7bafas, salf are found. Apart from cases of internal juncture, giving /f+f/, as in offaran ‘overtake’ and numerous other forms, /ff/ is extremely rare and appears to be confined to three types: (1) proper names, such as Offa, Wuffa; (2) onomatopoeia, such as abyffan ‘mutter’, pyffan ‘breathe out’; (3) foreign (Lat) loan-words, where /ff/ is in the borrowed form, such as offrian ‘offer’ < Lat offerre, cuffie ‘caul’ < Lat *cuffja, cf.
54, s7bafas, salf are found. Apart from cases of internal juncture, giving /f+f/, as in offaran ‘overtake’ and numerous other forms, /ff/ is extremely rare and appears to be confined to three types: (1) proper names, such as Offa, Wuffa; (2) onomatopoeia, such as abyffan ‘mutter’, pyffan ‘breathe out’; (3) foreign (Lat) loan-words, where /ff/ is in the borrowed form, such as offrian ‘offer’ < Lat offerre, cuffie ‘caul’ < Lat *cuffja, cf. 4 1 In the eMerc glossaries /ft/ is frequently represented by 〈pt〉, for example, compounds of s7eaft ‘shaft’ are written s7aept-, s7ept-.
By which, for example, *dboru > dbor ‘animals’. But diphthongs due to back umlaut do not cause such loss, for example, liomu ‘limbs’. Thus Lass and Anderson’s position is internally contradictory. 25n2. Therefore we accept here that OE had a phonemic contrast between long and short diphthongs. Nevertheless, it has to be acknowledged that the least satisfactory aspect of the traditional position concerns the long ~ short contrast. Since the so-called long diphthongs in large part derived without significant alteration from Gmc diphthongs, it is implausible to suggest that their length was in any crucial respect altered.