By Roy F. Baumeister, Eli J. Finkel
Социальная психология является процветающей дисциплиной. Она рассматривает наиболее важные вопросы человеческой психики (например, почему люди помогают или вредят другим? Какие влияния профессионалов заставить нас делать то, что они хотят, и как мы можем привить себя от их порой коварной тактики убеждения? Почему социальные отношения оказывают такое сильное влияние на физическое здоровье людей. Книга является учебником для продвинутых курсов социальной психологии. Ее основной целевой аудиторией является первый год аспирантов (MA или PhD) в социальных психологов, хотя она также подходит для верхнего уровня бакалавра социальной психологии и для аспирантов по дисциплинам, связанным с социальной психологией (например, маркетинг, организационное поведение ). Social psychology is a flourishing self-discipline. It explores the main crucial questions of the human psyche (e.g., Why do humans support or damage others? How do effect execs get us to do what they wish, and the way do we inoculate ourselves opposed to their sometimes-insidious persuasion strategies? Why do social relationships exert such robust results on peoples actual health?), and it does so with shrewdpermanent, ingenuitive study equipment. This edited quantity is a textbook for complicated social psychology classes. Its fundamental audience is first-year graduate scholars (MA or PhD) in social psychlogy, even though it can also be applicable for upper-level undergraduate classes in social psychology and for doctoral scholars in disciplines connecting to social psychology (e.g., advertising, organizational behavior). The authors of the chapters are world-renowned leaders on their subject, and so they have written those chapters to be attractive and available to scholars who're simply studying the self-discipline. After interpreting this booklet, it is possible for you to to appreciate virtually any magazine article or convention presentation in any box of social psychology. it is possible for you to to speak properly with so much social psychologists of their basic examine area, a use ability that's suitable not just in way of life but in addition while interviewing for a school place. And, most significantly, you may be outfitted with the historical past wisdom to forge forward extra optimistically along with your personal examine. |
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Extra resources for Advanced Social Psychology The State of the Science
This important point led to a distinction between private acceptance (informational conformity) and public compliance (normative conformity) as bases for conformity, which was to fuel subsequent research and theory (Deutsch & Gerard, ). , Allen, ). Nevertheless, by the mid-s, social psychologists were losing interest in group process research (Wittenbaum & Moreland, ). In part, this waning may have reflected the emphasis in American social psychology on the individual. European social psychology had been decimated by the war’s destruction and the emigration of many important scholars to America.
The Sanskrit Bhagavad Gita, considered the sacred scripture of Hinduism, offers numerous allegorical teachings describing the association between motivation and action, the self, and social and divine influence. In the sixth century, Benedict of Nursia, the founder of western Christian monasticism, compiled “rules” describing how a monastery ought to be run and how a spiritual life ought to be lived. This Rule of Benedict includes many social-psychological ideas, for example, about regulating individual responsibility and interdependence in the monks’ activities.
It seems safe to say that over time, the cognitive-dissonance position won background out, but more important are the changes the theory went through and the various new theories it inspired. Over time, Festinger’s propositions were transformed into a theory of behavior justification, postulating that behaviors inadequately explained by external rewards or constraints would engender a need for self-justifying attitude change. Other important work stimulated by the cognitive dissonance tradition includes Bem’s model of self-perception (Bem, ), reactance theory (Brehm, ), self-affirmation theory (Steele, ), and research on extrinsic motivation (Deci & Ryan, ).