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By Hamid Ouali

This e-book offers a research of varied vital features of Tamazight Berber syntax in the generative culture. >

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Additional resources for Agreement, Pronominal Clitics and Negation in Tamazight Berber: A Unified Analysis

Sample text

Examples (48), (49), and (50) further confirm this by showing that given the fact that negation in Tamazight must have scope over tense elements, the la that occurs with the Perfective form must be the model form since it must precede negation as shown by examples ( 49) and (50). I will, therefore, adopt Boukhris (1998) approach in treating the behavior of la as reflecting two separate morphemes. Unlike Boukhris (1998) however, I will treat la that precedes Imperfective verbs as a present tense marker.

The definition in (27) subsumes that the goal only bears interpretable features, which is not the case within Chomsky's DbP system. For the goal to be accessible or "visible" to the probe two conditions have to be met: (a) the goal has to be in the probe's c-<:ommand domain, and (b) the goal has to bear an uninterpretable feature that renders it Active. This brings us to the definition of Active: (28) Active For a goal to be active (accessible to a probe), it must have some [-interpretable] feature of its own still unchecked.

Looking at the structure in (24): first, the subject was merged in [Spec- vP] and did not enter into an Attract relation with v, and second it is not a head of a "nontrivial chain," and therefore does not get Case checked by v. The object on the other hand is first merged as a complement of V; when v is merged it can Attract the object and when the object moves to Spec-vP, which allows multiple Specs, the object gets its Accusative Case feature checked. This intriguing analysis is in a number of ways a precursor to the next development and new analytical treatment of agreement in Chomsky (2001a, 2004, 2005) where Spec-head as a syntactic relation is eliminated leaving just in a sense Attract with the difference that the 24 Agreement, Pronominal Clitics and Negation corresponding new operation will not require movement.

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