By Farida Casimjee
First released in 1993. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.
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Additional info for An Autosegmental Analysis of Venda Tonology
In the course of this thesis we will examine a variety of instances of downstep in Venda, and in each case we will argue that the theory of autosegmental phonology permits us to arrive at an insightful, well-motivated analysis where downstep is indeed Just downdrift. Within an autosegmental theory of phonology, one possible treatment of downstep (at least in a language that also has downdrift) is to claim that there is indeed a Low tone present in the tonal tier at the point where the downstep occurs, but that this Low tone is not associated with any tone-bearing unit.
Meeussen's Rule must be formulated so as to affect a HH sequence. If we were to try to cling to the reformulation of Meeussen's Rule in (46), it would be necessary to make the Low in the structural description optional: (47) H -> L / H (L) By simply assuming that the Initial Low of a noun deletes rather than disassociates, we can keep Meeussen's Rule in the simple form that examples like thdlf and nd£mwa suggest It has—namely, HH -> HL. And If we do this, all the cases where HLH sequences are maintained (In tshl-vhavhfila, In the verbal system) are no longer relevant.
Later, when we discuss preflxless-nouns, we will demonstrate that Incorrect results would be produced if successive Low-toned vowels Inside a stem are represented as a multiply-linked, single Low tone. We will conclude, therefore, that each Low-toned vowel In a stem has its own Low tone. At first glance this assumption might seem counter-Intuitive. Why should successive High tones in a stem be represented as a The Tonology of the Simple Noun 38 single, multiply-linked High whereas successive Low tones In a stem be analyzed as a series of singly- linked Low tones?