By George Fortune, Mubanga E. Kashoki
First released as a bankruptcy in Language in Zambia: Grammatical Sketches via the Institute of African reviews (now the Institute of financial and Social learn) in 1977, this can be the second one in a sequence of person courses on Zambian languages and grammar. The purpose of the sequence is to spice up the meagre scholarship and availability of academic fabrics on Zambian languages, which grew to become rather in pressing in 1996, following the choice of the Zambian govt to revert to the coverage of utilizing neighborhood languages as media of guide. This quantity offers a grammatical caricature of Lozi, a language on the topic of the Sotho language workforce, and one of many languages spoken because the lingua franca everywhere in the Western Province of Zambia. it truly is spoken at the valuable Barotse undeniable to the north and south of Mongu and on each side of the Zambezi river, the entire method to Livingstone, the place it's the major African language in use, and a substantial distance inland. it's the moment administrative language of the rustic after English. The learn offers a entire survey of all of the significant grammatical good points of the language.
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Extra resources for An outline of Silozi grammar
G. nuflí-Jìli (trouble) (3) kacirna-cima (irritablen€ss) (12) síco seosinlnúlïnatí (that food is very pleasant) (3) Nominal Conttructioni baJed on Verb RadicalÍ the prefl\ appearsto combinewiú terminalvowelsto In lheseconstÍuctions formoneconstituenltheverbmdicalsbeingúe other. muJim-i (farmer) bu-pil-o (health) 0) (14) cp. -lim- (cultivate) cp. g. le (hândbell) cp. ngele (ringing) sikwakwakwa (machinegun) cP. l a (report of gun) Nominal ConJtructiont of, Clatt la with prefixal formatives/Ë/ (often masculine)and/ra-l (oft€n feÍninine) ar€ commonin the dictionary.
Linja ze-muboni (úe dogsyou saw) cp. Th€y constituteseri€s(3) ofthe relative classaffixes. t. ye- 3. 5. Plürel No number Singular 2. be- 4. ,'e- 6. le- 8. 10. 7. 9. 11. lo- t2. ke14. bo- 15. ko- 16. íoko- 17. bye' 1E . The vowels of theseaffixes are elided before the subjectprefixes of class I or ctass6, la-l . g. g. g ío4iyahile (whereI dwell) (wearethosewhom be-muziba you know) (book) (9) (16) e e. fasibaka (atthe (16) place) kinna ye-uziba(lt ls I whom you know) Kihmabao bukq (1) (2) LEVELll : THE SUBSTANTIVE PHRA5ES SubstaÍtives of all kinds combine to foÍm constructionsat the next level of complexity,viz.
O-k -nde ko-ku-nde 18. mo-ku-de Theadjectivestemsin silozi numbersomethirty ofwhìch overhalfreferto the coloursandpatternson markingsofcattle. g. ti? ) -sihíiì (female) -tuna (big,male) -nde (nice, good) -cupys (homless) -suwLr (homless) -beli (t*o) lalu -ne (four) -tlrri (tffee) (another,others) Theadjectivestemsmay be freelyusedwith any ofthe classaÍfixes. g. g. g. 9. g. C. ) (ó) e,g. C. g. S. litapi bye-bì-beli (l) (fish) (3) (10) The adjectives indicating coloür havecomplexforÍns with sufEx /-ondl rvhen appliedto femaleanimals.