By Fredrick J. Long
Pauline scholarship has usually interpreted 2 Corinthians as a later editorial composite of a number of letters. Fredrick lengthy situates the textual content inside of Classical literary and rhetorical conventions and argues for its cohesion dependent upon a variety of parallels with old apology within the culture of Andocides, Socrates, Isocrates and Demosthenes. He presents a entire survey and rigorous style research of old forensic discourse in aid of his claims, and demonstrates how the unified message of Paul's letter should be recovered.
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Pauline scholarship has in most cases interpreted 2 Corinthians as a later editorial composite of numerous letters. Fredrick lengthy situates the textual content inside Classical literary and rhetorical conventions and argues for its harmony dependent upon quite a few parallels with historical apology within the culture of Andocides, Socrates, Isocrates and Demosthenes.
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Additional resources for Ancient Rhetoric and Paul's Apology: The Compositional Unity of 2 Corinthians (Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series)
139 and Quint. Inst. 3) should not be visibly artificial. The same is true for disposition with respect to the divisio (Rhet. Her. 17), the narratio (Quint. Inst. 57), and the peroratio (Cic. Brut. 139; Cic. Inv. 98). If the apostle Paul followed this universal dictum, it would complicate attempts to discern rhetorical disposition in his letters. Recent studies on the Book of Acts and specifically Paul’s speeches within Acts would indicate that he is at least depicted as using Greco-Roman rhetorical theory (see Satterthwaite, 1993; Winter, 1991b, 1993b; on Luke’s reliance on stasis theory see Jolivet, 1999).
140–46). Winter (1997, p. 144; cf. Witherington, 1995, pp. ” Furthermore, the practice of formal rhetoric was guaranteed by its continued use in political and judicial settings. ” For more deliberative letters, see M. Mitchell, 1991, pp. 22–23; cf. West (1973, pp. 2). The genre of forensic rhetoric 29 Rome during the early empire (Parks, 1945, pp. 52–60). For this reason, forensics continued to be seen as necessary to rhetorical education (see Kennedy, 1963, pp. 268–73). , Clarke, 1968; S. Bonner, 1977; Heath, 1995, pp.
After introducing the extant forensic literature in Chapter 2, I conclude by correlating the generic features of forensic discourse in terms of exigency, invention, disposition, and media. Next, I survey each forensic feature respectively in Chapters 3–6. Chapter 6 also serves as a transition to discuss the forensic rhetoric of 2 Corinthians by setting forth preliminarily the view that 2 Corinthians is an official apologetic letter. This leads to the second task of this study, in which I investigate the rhetorical exigency, disposition, and invention of 2 Corinthians respectively in Chapters 7–9.