By Prof. Gianni Angelini M.D., Dr. Domenico Bonamonte M.D. (auth.)
Skin illnesses brought on by aquatic organisms are consistently at the raise due to the nice variety of those who now converge at the hydrosphere for vacations, activities actions. Aquatic dermis ailments aren't any longer just a seasonal sickness yet could be saw at any interval, due to the vacationer increase selling aquatic holidaymaking all year long. This booklet goals to give a contribution to the information of a few aquatic animals that experience purely built a toxic gear to guard themselves and adapt to their atmosphere, in addition to of some of the medical photographs brought on by means of various pathogenic mechanisms. along with the afflictions brought on by biotoxins, pores and skin reactions to microscopic organisms found in seawater, freshwater, pools and aquariums are defined, including a few non-biotic kinds prompted by means of direct touch with salt and freshwater. a greater wisdom of the aquatic setting might help humans to get pleasure from this enchanting habitat at lesser risk.
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Extra resources for Aquatic Dermatology
59. Aquatic dermatology Togias AG, Burnett JW, Kagei-Sobotka A et al (1985) Anaphylaxis after contact with a jellyfish. J Allergy Clin Immunol 75:672 Michaeli D, Benjamini E, Miner RC et al (1966) In vitro studies on the role of collagen in the induction of hypersensitivity to flea bites. J Immunol 96:402 Russo AT, Calton GJ, Burnett JW (1983) The relationship of the possible allergic response to jellyfish envenomation and serum antibody titers. Toxicon 21:475 Mansson T, Randle HW, Mandojana RM et al (1985) Recurrent cutaneous jellyfish eruption without envenomation.
17) , scarring, subcutaneous atrophy, gangrene and contracture [30, 58, 60, 61]. We have most often observed scarring after dermatitis from Anemonia sulcata. Cases with vasospasm, contracture and gangrene have been reported in the Indo- Pacific area . Two cases of multiple temporary mononeuritis of a nerve near (but not within) the contact area have also been reported: one after a sting from a corallimorphous anemone in Papua New Guinea, that lasted about 5 months and the other after contact with an unidentified jellyfish in Penang (Malaysia) that also lasted 5 months .
Necrotic and ulcerative lesions must be cleansed 3 times a day and treated with topical antibiotics (erythromycin, tetracycline). These antibiotics can also be used systemically in cases of secondary infections or involvement of vast skin areas. The doctor and first aid workers must be aware that nematocysts that have been detached from the tentacles can maintain their toxic action for several months. For this reason, bathers must avoid areas infested with Coelenterates, especially after a storm, that can favour the spread of tentacle segments in the water and to the shore.